Diabetes is a series condition that is, unfortunately, quite common in modern society. 

In fact, according to Diabetes Australia, there are currently 1.1 million people in our country alone who have been diagnosed with some form of the disease, with new cases appearing at a rate of 280 people a day.

Don't let that frighten you, however, as though it may be currently incurable, there are ways you can manage it to continue leading a healthy, active lifestyle.

What is diabetes?

There are a number of different types of diabetes, though type 1 and type 2 are the most common. Type 1 tends to develop in younger people, according to the US National Institute of Ageing, and type 2 can occur with age. 

When you consume food, your body converts it into glucose (sugar) to provide energy for your cells. At the same time, insulin is released by the pancreas in order to effectively unlock your cells, allowing them to absorb the glucose. Diabetes, in a nut shell, affects your body's ability to produce insulin. 

Managing your condition with diet

One of the main ways you can manage your condition is by considering the energy levels of the foods you eat. This means figuring out your diet and planning your meals to be more healthy and balanced – though in a particular way.

Diabetes Australia recommends spreading your meals evenly throughout the day, and being mindful of the following:

-Fats: You will need to learn to avoid fats to have a diabetes-friendly diet. Though this doesn't mean cutting them out completely, it does mean minimising them and avoiding overly fatty food choices when possible. This could mean switching to trim milk, eating more fish and avoiding fat and skin on beef or chicken, limiting pastries/pies/cakes, and trying to eat grilled goods over deep-fried.

-Carbohydrates: Starchy carbohydrates are a great way to give your body boosts in energy levels, as these foods produce glucose when consumed. However, though it is necessary to eat them regularly as a diabetic person, you need to avoid foods that are too high energy. Your doctor will be able to tell you what's best for your personal needs, as there is no one-size-fits-all rule.

Remember to have plenty of fresh greens and non-starchy veggies – such as broccoli and tomato – as the bulk of your meal, with lean meat and starchy foods – such as potato, rice and pasta – in smaller amounts. Think 50 per cent non-starch, 25 per cent lean meat and 25 per cent starch. 

What to eat when you're managing diabetes